Project Description

Early Spanking Increases Toddler Aggression, Lowers IQ

Children who are spanked as 1-year-olds are more likely to behave aggressively and perform worse on cognitive tests as toddlers than children who are spared the physical punishment, new research shows.

Though the negative effects of spanking were “modest,” the study adds to a growing body of literature finding spanking is not good for children.

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